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Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD Medical Editor: Barbara K. population age 12 or older, had used prescription medications for nonmedical purposes in the month prior to the survey. "Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research Based Guide." Feb. Hecht, Ph D According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, in 2006, 16.2 million Americans aged 12 and older had taken a prescription pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative for nonmedical purposes at least once in the year prior to being surveyed. Although any type of medication has the potential to be abused, certain groups of prescription drugs are most commonly abused. Moreover, teens 15 to 16 years old who use religion to cope with stress tend to use drugs significantly less often than their peers who do not use religion to cope. Alcohol and other drug use has been found to occur most often between the hours of 3 p.m. CNS depressants: Drugs in the benzodiazepine class are central nervous system (CNS) depressants used to treat anxietydisorders and sometimes for the short-term treatment of insomnia. Examples include alprazolam(Xanax), diazepam(Valium), and triazolam(Halcion). Clear communication by parents about the negative physical, emotional, and functional effects of drugs, as well as about their expectations regarding drug use have been found to significantly decrease substance abuse in teens.
For example, naltrexone is used to counteract the effects of opioid intoxication. "Experience, Research Show Testing Doesn't Work." The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Limiting the amount of alcohol, cleaning solutions (inhalants), prescription, and over-the-counter medications that are kept in the home to amounts that can be closely monitored and accounted for has also been found to decrease substance abuse by teens. Family focused abuse-prevention programs have produced reductions in adolescent drug abuse. "Adolescent Treatment Programs Reduce Drug Abuse, Produce Other Improvements." National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Findings. There are few medications that are considered effective in treating drug addiction. "General and Specific Guides to Detection of Alcohol and Drug Use and Definition of Addiction." 2007. "Principles of drug addiction treatment: A research based guide." Mar.
Those are currently limited to the treatment of alcoholism, as well as opioid, and nicotine addiction. "Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research Based Guide." Feb. As defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, drug dependence is a negative pattern of using a substance that leads to a number of problems, which may include needing more of a drug to get intoxicated (tolerance), difficulties that occur when the effects of the drug wear off (withdrawal), using more of a substance or for longer time than intended, and other life problems because of their use of a drug or drugs. The first stage is described as access to drugs but no use thereof. Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Abuse: Overview of Key Findings 2008.